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Art and Culture of Kaimur

Kaimur is a region largely inhabited by the local tribes. The art and culture of the people of Kaimur region is largely inspired by the aboriginals tribes that once ruled the region. The art and handicraft is reflection of the bygone era. Folk songs and dances have all the essence to capture the attention of the visitors. The way people celebrate their festivals is also different. Their lifestyle, food habits are also inherited from their past. Though the urban population of Kaimur region has made a lot of advancement and is trying to match their pace with the current life of cities.

Art and Culture of Kaimur

Religions in Kaimur

Some of the aboriginals still present in Kaimur are the Cheros, Bhars and the Savers. The Kharwars are the settlers in the hilly areas of Rohtas are one of the major tribe in Kaimur region. Oraons lived in the area between Rohtas and Patna. The prominent religion in Kaimur are Hinduism and Islam. The Musaharas, Harijans, Cheros, Kharwars, Oraons, Dhanus and Dus are the lower strata of society who resides in forests.Hindi and Bhojpuri are the most prominent spoken, written and understood languages in Kaimur region. Though some of the local tribes have their own local languages.

Festivals in Kaimur

Festivals form part of the social life of Kaimur as people celebrate all the festivals with great enthusiasm. Bhaiya Dooj, Nag Panchami, Deepawali, Kartik Ekadasi, Eid, Bakrid and many other festivals are celebrated in this part of Bihar. Bhuniya Baba is another famous festival of the local tribes of Kaimur region. Most of the males are found wearing Dhoti-Kurta or Kurta-Payjama. Females can be seen wearing Lehnga/Ghaghra choli, Saree or Kameez-Salwar. A small portion of the people that to in developed regions people can be seen in western outfits like men in pant shirts and girls in jeans etc.

Entertainment in Kaimur

People of Kaimur are largely dependent on their traditional dance form and songs as a mode of entertainment. Their festivals are accompanied with a delicious meal and their folk songs and dances. The men and women dress in their traditional attire and perform the dance forms. Kajari songs accompanied with Kajari dance are performed during monsoon season and is a cery popular song and dance form in the region. Another famous form of dance is Paika where dancers displays the skills & the ability to handle weapons. Some other famous dance and song forms are Nautanki, Bandar and Bhalu dance, Dhobiya dance, Thumka, Krishnalila, Barahmasi, Chaiti, Chhath geet, Kahrava, Thumari etc.

Art and Handicrafts in Kaimur

The tradition of rock paintings are still the famous art form of the tribals of Kaimur region. Still the age old symbols and pattern, same types of colors made from various household objects, pictures such as various animals, human beings geometrical pattern with little changes are used in the paintings. In Kaimur villages, tribals coat their house walls with clay and then paint it with white ash and call it putai, these walls are later decorated with paintings and sketches. In Diwane Mokwa village, houses have a special depiction of palm on the wall.

Art and Culture of Kaimur

The very famous Kohwara paintings are still made by Adivasi women even today. These paintings are made on the walls of the houses using vivid designs. The most famous design still persisting in Kohwara paintings are the red painted square with geometric lines and dots.On festival of Bhai Dooj a special paintings made with the plant juice and rice powder paste mix with ghee is made. The painting is as big as about 2 square feet. The paintings of domestic animal, Sun, flower, Moon, plant, rooms  .Bulls and cows are painted with haldi during the local festivals known as Bhuinya Baba. The horns of cows and bulls are painted to reflect the feeling of prosperity, gaiety, and a life full of colours, energy, joy, and happiness.Terracotta Animal toys is also another famous form of art and craft of Kaimur region.

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